Diagnosis of Infertility
What is Infertility? How is it treated?
What is infertility? How is it treated?
How is a diagnosis of infertility established?
Infertility treatment may be simple or complex based on the underlying cause. As the treatments offered may be expensive and long at times, meeting a doctor with the right set of training, skills, and experience is critical for success. A trained fertility doctor (a specialist), well versed in handling all types/ causes of infertility is possibly the best course early on, when possible. Doctors usually look at a few factors before suggesting treatment for couples. The important factors for decision making are
Semen analysis in the male partner- Sperm counts, morphology, and motility
age of the female partner
ovarian reserve-number of eggs available
duration of infertility
condition of the fallopian tubes
previous treatment details, if any
previous pregnancy, if any
Results seen on ultrasound scans and other imaging tests
Results seen on procedures such as hysteroscopy or laparoscopy, if required
Is infertility a problem in women or men?
What are the causes of infertility in women (female partner)?
How is infertility tested in women (female partner)?
Causes of infertility in the female partner and how it is diagnosed
What are the causes of infertility in men (male partner)?
How is infertility tested in men (male partner)?
Who should I approach for a fertility test?
Ensure that your doctor or clinic should be qualified with valid degrees and trained appropriately for giving the required treatment. They should not hesitate in giving details such as your treatment records, ultrasound reports, or test reports if asked by you. It is mandatory for your doctor to have a medical council registration number.
When should we seek help for problems related to fertility?
Infertility has various causes from trying at the wrong time, trying infrequently, trying for a short duration ( less than a year).
Other than that hormone imbalance like thyroid prolactin uncontrolled hypogonadism or low sex hormones diabetes genetic conditions can cause infertility
Anovulation is another important cause of infertility among women with irregular periods being one of the common symptoms.
If you have not become pregnant after one year of trying regularly, you need to check if you are infertile. There may be a problem in the production or release of eggs or the quality of sperm or attachment of the formed embryo.
How should a female partner prepare before a fertility test?
How should a male partner prepare before a fertility test?
What should we expect on our first visit to a fertility consultant?
The infertility specialist will then explain the next steps on the treatment plan before the end of the consultation. The doctor may advise some tests or medications for the way ahead.